Backflow Repair and Installation Services in Satellite Beach, FL
With a properly installed and well-functioning backflow system, your water lines will flow in only one direction. When there is a misconnection in the line, it can cause contaminates in the line to flow and mix with your drinking water, causing a potential health hazard for you and your family. Suspect you may have a backflow problem? Call Competitive Plumbing & Irrigation, your Satellite Beach backflow specialists today at 321-243-0363 to schedule an appointment with our friendly, knowledgeable staff to identify the issue and make any necessary repairs/adjustments right away, so you can get back to your routine with the least disruption possible, and avoid any dangerous contaminants from potentially polluting your drinking water.
At Competitive Plumbing & Irrigation, we are certified and authorized to repair and install backflow devices in the state of Florida. Our expert team of backflow technicians have received all the required training along with a certificate of backflow prevention backed by the Institute of Cross-Connection Control and are certified to test, repair, and install all types and sizes of backflows on commercial and residential city water, fire systems, and irrigation systems. In the event that your backflow assembly fails its test and does not meet the acceptable standard set forth by the municipality in which you reside, Competitive Plumbing & Irrigation will notify you and provide a cost estimate for the needed repairs. No work will be done without your authorization.
- Installation: If your building needs a backflow, we can install one on your property.
- Repair: If your backflow device fails its test, we can repair the device if its economical to do so.
- Replacement: If your backflow can’t be repaired, we can replace your existing device.
Why Does Backlfow Occur?
Backflow occurs for one of two reasons, either due to back pressure or to back “siphonage”.
- Back pressure is the result of a higher pressure in the system than in its supply, i.e. the system pressure has been increased by some means. This usually occurs in unvented heating systems, where thermal expansion increases the pressure.
- Back siphonage is the result of supply pressure being lowered below that of the system. This occurs when a supply is interrupted or drained down.
Importance of Proper Prevention
Backflow prevention must be automatic, and so manual valves are not usually acceptable. The precise measures required to prevent backflow depend on the risk of contamination, i.e. the condition of the water in the connected system.
This is categorized into the following different risk levels:
- Category 1: No risk. Potable water
- Category 2: Aesthetic quality affected, e.g. water may have been heated
- Category 3: Slight hazard from substances of low toxicity, e.g. cold water storage tanks
- Category 4: Significant hazard, e.g. pesticides
- Category 5: Serious health risk, e.g. human waste
Automatic check valves are required to prevent back pressure. Regulations for these check valves specify the design capabilities of the valve used, according to the hazard. Category 2 contamination may be prevented by a single check valve, but category 3 requires a double check valve (these are maunfactured as a convenient single unit, or even integrated into tap (faucet) fittings). Category 5 requires an air gap, not merely a valve. A recent introduction of the new Reduced Pressure Zone (RPZ) valve, a form of double check valve where the intervening zone is drained and normally kept empty. If the downstream valve leaks and permits backflow, this will drain out through the vent rather than building up pressure against the upstream valve. These valves are complex, requiring certified installation and annual checks. They are used for category 4 systems, such as fire sprinklers where the system has an antifreeze additive.
Back siphonage may be prevented by use of an air gap. This may be a small gap, such as provided by a tundish (a combined overflow spout and catch funnel) or a large gap, such as a basin tap being above the maximum level of the water in the basin. Standards for these air gaps group them by the amount of separation that they provide and their acceptability for the various risk categories. The size of the acceptable gap also depends on the capacity of the incoming supply, such that a stuck-open flow cannot overfill the cistern and close the gap.
Air gaps may also protect against back pressure and are generally favoured for this. However most air gaps also limit the system pressure that may be transmitted across them. In most cases they replace main pressure with the pressure of that from a raised gravity cistern.
Washbasins are cold water cisterns where the float valve outlet must be above the overflow water level. The previous practice of taking a “silencing tube” from the float valve to under the water level is no longer acceptable. Such silencing may be acceptable if it is a soft collapsible tube, as this cannot syphon.Hand-held showers must have their hoses fastened such that the shower head cannot rest below the water level in a bath or basin.
Suspect your backflow system may not be working properly or time for a regular testing? Call Competitive Plumbing & Irrigation, your Satellite Beach backflow specialists today at 321-243-0363 to schedule an appointment with our friendly, knowledgeable staff.